Options Trading with Vic Sperandeo: Myths and Realities
Options Trading with Vic Sperandeo: Myths and Realities
By Dr. Steve Sjuggerud, President, Investment U
Thursday, March 27, 2003: Issue #225
Options trading pro Vic Sperandeo made 70.7% a year without a losing year from 1978 to 1989. So it is possible to make an extraordinary amount of money trading options.
However, even though Sperandeo managed big gains, most people lose money trading options. The difference between winning and losing in options trading comes down to a few basic principles. Today we’ll examine a few of those principles and we’ll identify a handful of risks you should always consider when trading options.
Talking About Options Trading
I want to talk about options trading today for a few reasons…
- First of all, I don’t know about you, but I’m receiving a promotional letter in my mailbox at least once a week these days to try some hot new options trading service. They all sound great of course. But as hot sales pitches usually go, they usually brag about the possibilities and gloss over the risks. So let’s talk about some of the risks and realities today.
- Second, I’m launching my own options trading service in the coming weeks. And I want you to go into it (if you so choose) with your eyes open – to know what the big risks are in options, and how to avoid them, as best you can.
- Lastly, quite frankly, I’m speaking at the Agora Wealth Options Seminar next month, and this gives me an opportunity to get a few thoughts down on paper for you ahead of time.
In order for you to get the most out of today’s E-letter and keep it short, I need to do two things. First, I am going to assume that you already know that you can make money in options, so I’m not going to cover that. And second, I’m not going to explain how options work or go into detail about options strategies today. That would probably take more than one E-Letter all by itself. Today we’re just separating options myths from realities. (However if you’d like a quick primer on how options work, please see the link to one of our past E-Letters in the crib sheet below.)
REALITY #1: More people lose money trading options than make money.
Many people see the huge profits possible in options and think they’re the path to riches. But the reality is much different for most. The SEC did a study a long time ago that showed over 85% of people who bought options lost money. The study was only for one quarter. But the result of that study is probably not too far from the truth
While at our recent Investment U seminar, I asked trading coach Van Tharp, who has worked with thousands of traders (both amateur and professional), what he thought the real numbers were. I didn’t mention the SEC study, but he came up with about the same number – 85% or more. Some may say it’s higher than that, some may say it’s lower. Whatever the real number is, it is safe to say that more people lose money trading options than make money.
REALITY #2: “Writing options will make you money most of the time, but you will lose in the long run.” – Victor Sperandeo
Many new options traders think the pros who sell options must make all the money. But options master Vic Sperandeo tells the real story in his book:
“A lot of floor traders, especially the younger ones, love to write naked options. ‘The fools,’ they say, speaking of the options buyer, ‘they just keep giving me their money, and I keep selling ’em options that end up expiring worthless.’ For 11 months out of the year, they can report a 90% success rate writing options, but in the last month, seemingly out of nowhere, the market moves 10% and they find themselves shelling out a lot more money than they had made, or even going completely broke.” Vic Sperandeo
REALITY #3: An options trading system that reports a high percentage of winning trades could still be a losing system.
Vic Sperandeo’s story above explains just that. You could collect $1 a month profit for 11 months, and then get hit with a $15 loss that wipes you out completely yet you were right over 90% of the time. The way to prevent that from ever happening is to make sure you trade options with limited downside risk. And don’t worry about the percentage of winning trades. Consider the bottom line as well.
REALITY #4: Want to be a winner? Watch your losers!
To succeed in trading options you really need to limit your trading to opportunities that have a minimum of a 3-to-1 payout. A 5-to-1 reward-to-risk ratio of course, is better. But at minimum, you want to have the potential to pocket three dollars in return for every dollar you risk.
You accomplish many things by forcing a minimum 3-to-1 discipline on yourself. For one, it forces you to think in terms of reward and risk, which is extremely important. Most failed options traders, even ones that may have had good trading systems, fail because they didn’t pay enough attention to risk.
Consider this – let’s assume that you’re not willing to lose more than 50% on a position. You’re not willing to let it expire worthless. If you’re willing to lose up to 50% on a position, you’d better be expecting a gain of 150% or more – at minimum. That’s a tall order. If you’re willing to lose it all (meaning have the potential for a minus -100% return on a position), then you’d better be expecting a 300% to 500% or more gain in that position.
When you see it in those terms, and you realize that 500% winners don’t come along every day, you can see “risking it all” is a bad bet, in terms of risk versus reward.
Options trading is a lot like poker. Your hand is only a small portion of the larger battle. Betting appropriately for the entire game is really what’s important – which leads us to
REALITY #5: Big winners in options trading make small bets.
You’ve got to know when to hold ’em, and know when to fold ’em. But you’d sure hate to fold ’em and take a total loss with a big bet on so don’t ever put yourself in that boat! Limit the size of your positions. You should only have 2-3% of your risk capital at risk on any one trade. Let me stress that this will not limit your ability to make big profits – this rule actually comes from Vic Sperandeo, who made 71% a year for a dozen years by doing this!
If you want to be successful over the long run like Vic Sperandeo was, and not just get a nice quick hit here and there, then you’ve got to understand these realities. Limit the size of your positions. And limit your downside by never allowing a small loss to turn into a big loss. Options traders who follow this have a chance of being winners in options over the long run. Those who don’t do this will be quickly drummed out of the club, taken for every penny, literally.
My goal here was not to scare the pants off of you. Obviously I believe it is possible to make money trading options – I wouldn’t be offering an options service or speaking at an options seminar if I didn’t. The best way to say it is this: Buying and selling options is about the riskiest and potentially most rewarding game on Wall Street.
Today’s IU Crib Sheet
- Only if you’re aware of the risks associated with options trading-and take steps to avoid them-can you hope to reap the rewards. Today we’ve covered a handful of those risks that you should always be mindful of. And for those of you in need of a quick “reminder” as to how options work, please see IUEL #131 – Understand Options in Five Minutes.